Until recently, the northern coastal strip of Lebanon had largely escaped the impact of the uncontrolled urban sprawl and development which has destroyed much of the archaeological and environmental heritage of Lebanon. It therefore represents one of the only remaining coastal areas with relatively well-preserved archaeological horizons. Unfortunately, this situation is rapidly changing, with new […]
Located off Sidon, major city of ancient Phoenicia, the island of Zire has been used as an outer secondary harbour and a quarry ever since Antiquity; it shelters a roadstead that still serves today as a fore-port. In 1966-1967, Honor Frost undertook the first underwater study of the site which revealed submerged ancient remains, notably […]
University of Balamand: mission statement The University of Balamand is a private non-profit independent Lebanese institution of Higher Education licensed by the State of Lebanon. It was founded in 1988 by His Beatitude Patriarch Ignatius IV in the name of the Patriarchate of Antioch and All the East for the Greek Orthodox. The University admits […]
Byblos & the Sea is a multidisciplinary research project on the coastal and maritime area of Byblos co-directed by Martine Francis (affiliated researcher at the Collège de France) and Nicolas Grimal (Prof. at the Collège de France), in collaboration with the Directorate General of Antiquities of Lebanon. It is a continuation of a long term […]
This project undertook an assessment survey of Ottoman-period maritime archaeology in Lebanon. It constitutes one section of a larger regional study investigating the coastal archaeology of the Eastern Mediterranean and Red Sea from 1500-1850.
Beginning in the 1960’s, Honor Frost initiated several investigations aimed at identifying the existence of harbour installations around the coast of Tyre. While her initial exploration focused on the southern side of the former island, she also identified the significant archaeological potential for harbour facilities within the northern coast of Tyre (Frost, 1971). Later, she encouraged local Lebanese […]