The Centre d’Études Alexandrines (CEAlex) was founded in 1990 by Jean-Yves Empereur with the support of the CNRS (RCP 403), the French Ministry of Foreign Affairs and the IFAO. On 1 January 1999, the CNRS and the IFAO decided to institutionalise its endeavours by recognising the Centre as a Mixed Service Unit (UMS 1812). In June 2007, in order to have the status to receive researchers, the UMS was promoted to a Service and Research Unit (USR 3134). In 2015, the CEAlex celebrated 25 years of existence. Marie-Dominique Nenna was nominated director of the USR by the president of the CNRS on 1 July 2015.
In 2009 the Alexandria University Centre for Maritime Archaeology & Underwater Cultural Heritage (CMAUCH) was established as a result of EU funded project under the EU-Tempus III scheme. The project was a collaboration between several EU and Egyptian institutions including Alexandria University, the University of Southampton, the National Centre for Scientific Research in France and the Egyptian Ministry of Education, and aimed to create a centre for postgraduate studies which provides education and training at different levels in aspects of maritime and underwater archaeology. The project also aimed to develop a Postgraduate Diploma and Master programmes in Maritime Archaeology and Underwater Cultural Heritage, designed and structured in accordance with EU standards.
The Wadi el-Jarf project aims to study the various aspects of an Ancient Egyptian harbour on the Red Sea shore (Suez Gulf), that was built during the reign of Khufu, (ca 2600 BC). The site is spread over several locations – a storage area, made of caves cut in the mountain about 6 km to […]
Looking through the eyes of an ancient navigator: Exploring the role of local land and seascapes for ancient navigation along the Egyptian coast of the Red Sea – Zeeshan Shaikh – 2019
The evidence from the archaeological sites such as Ayn Sukhna, Wadi el-Jarf, Mersa/Wadi Gawasis, Myos Hormos (Quseir al-Qadim), and Berenike have shown that ancient Egyptians and later Greeks and Romans undertook successful trading expeditions to the southern regions of the Red Sea and beyond. Voyaging along the Red Sea coast, ancient seafarers used several navigational […]
Since its identification in 1999, the site of Ayn Sukhna (Gulf of Suez), has proven to be a Pharaonic harbour and logistic platform for the Egyptian expeditions to South Sinai and the land of Punt, on the southern part of the Red Sea. The site was sporadically but regularly occupied throughout a very long span […]
The Wadi elJarf project aims to study the various aspects of an Ancient Egyptian harbour on the Red Sea shore (Suez Gulf), that was built during the reign of Khufu, around 2600 BC. The site is spread over several locations – a storage area, made of caves cut in the mountain about 6 km to […]
In Egyptology, even though the Nile constitutes the main travel route, it is only with recent geoarchaeological studies of the evolution of the Nile that interest in fluvial harbours has considerably grown. This theme is of primary importance in Egyptian maritime archaeology because it helps to reconstitute the landscape during Antiquity as a whole, and […]
Very few of the numerous ancient shipwrecks that lie along the north coast of Egypt have ever been the object of an in-depth study. In fact, the coastal strip from Alexandria to Marsa Matruh (approx. 300km) has only seen three general investigations, undertaken between 1996 and 2000. These investigations did, however, provide evidence of the […]
Established in the late 7th century BC, the port of Naukratis (Greek for ‘mistress of ships’) was the earliest base for Greek traders and for a period the only Mediterranean port of Egypt. It remained an important international trading hub for over 1200 years. Even though the significance of Naukratis derived entirely from its role […]
The recent discovery of Wadi el-Jarf harbour, which dates back to the King Khufu era (ca. 2600 BC), is considered one of the major discoveries in the world because it contains facilities of the oldest artificial harbour known until now. It also represents the first discovery of Pharaonic stone anchors in their original context. Archaeological […]
Maritime Archaeology at the Ptolemaic-Roman Red Sea Port of Berenike – Prof. Steven Sidebotham 2014-2015
Project reports from Professor Steven Sidebotham covering the activities of Maritime Archaeology at the Ptolemaic-Roman Red Sea Port of Berenike, Egypt Over fourteen seasons of excavations have been conducted by the US-Polish team (co-directors S.E. Sidebotham (University of Deleware) and I. Zych (Polish Centre of Mediterranean Archaeology (University of Warsaw) at the Red Sea port of Berenike. Operating […]
The combined project descriptions and reports from Harry Tzalas covering the activities of the Greek Mission Underwater Archaeology Survey in Alexandria, Egypt. Since 1998, when it obtained a concession for the underwater archaeological survey of an extended coastal area in Alexandria, Egypt, the Hellenic Institute of Ancient and Mediaeval Alexandrian Studies has carried out 27 […]
A third season of excavation was undertaken on Ship 43, generously supported by the Honor Frost Foundation, by a four-person team from the Oxford Centre for Maritime Archaeology (OCMA), who worked alongside a member of the Underwater Archaeology Unit of the Supreme Council of Antiquities of Egypt. The excavations took place in the Bay of […]