The Maritime Archaeological Research Laboratory (MARELab) of the University of Cyprus (Department of History and Archaeology) was founded in 2011, aiming to serve as a dynamic venue of research on maritime archaeology. In all MARELab projects, on land and underwater, particular emphasis is given to the implementation of digital methods for data recording and mapping, both as integral part of the fieldwork documentation and as tools for archaeological interpretation.
Conservation of Finds from Underwater sites 2013 – 2016
The Department of Antiquities, Cyprus has in recent years taken great leaps in developing the field of Conservation of Underwater Finds. The Conservation Lab for the Treatment of Underwater Finds was established by the Department of Antiquities, Cyprus in 2010 in the seaside town of Larnaca. The need for this facility arose as a result of the increasing amount of underwater surveys aiming to map and record the underwater wealth of the island, and the discovery, in 2006, of the Mazotos shipwreck.
The Kyrenia Ship and its finds are regarded as one of the foremost archaeological shipwrecks in the world. Both the reassembled Hull and the plethora of ceramics, amphorae, copper-alloy based finds, lead objects and organics have and still do provide archaeologists, researchers, scholars, museum professionals and the public with a wealth of information pertaining to Hellenistic-era life and trading in Cyprus and the Eastern Mediterranean.
Thanks to its unique position in the eastern Mediterranean, Cyprus was an important landmark and stop-‐over point for ancient mariners. Recent maritime archaeological research, especially from the southern and western regions of Cyprus, have demonstrated the unique position of the island (Leidwanger, 2013; Demesticha, 2011; Leonard, 1995). According to these studies, it is likely that […]
Nailing it Down: Completing the study of the metal fastenings of the Kyrenia Ship – Dr Wendy van Duivenvoorde – 2017
The early 3rd-century B.C. shipwreck at Kyrenia, Cyprus, was excavated in its entirety in 1968–1969 and provided the remains of a well-preserved Mediterranean merchant ship and its cargo. The ship sank in the first decade of the 3rd century B.C (c. 295–285 B.C.), but was built sometime towards the end of the 4th century, between […]
Maa:Palaeokastro, Cyprus: Defining 12th Century BC Cypriot Overseas Interaction Illuminating Maritime Patterns – Dr. Penelope Anne Mountjoy – 2017
My project is an attempt to enhance our knowledge of 12th century BC maritime Cypriot trade with southern Anatolia, the Levant and Egypt by sampling Aegean-style pottery from Maa: Palaeokastro on the west coast of Cyprus for Neutron Activation Analysis (NAA) with the physicist Professor Hans Mommsen. This small project arises from a much larger […]
At Dreamer’s Bay, near the very southernmost point of Cyprus on the south shoreline of the Akrotiri peninsula, winter storms are washing ancient buildings into the Mediterranean. These are parts of an early port, also attested by submerged remains: a masonry breakwater, amphora scatters denoting wrecks, and stone anchors. These remains lie in a block […]
The main aim of this project is to shed light on the palaeogeography of the broader Lemesos salt lake area and the possibility that there existed a deep enough bay to host a harbour sometime in antiquity. Akrotiri peninsula is located 5km west of the city of Lemesos and is the southernmost part of the […]
This grant will be funding palaeo-environmental research that contributes to the Ancient Akrotiri Project, Cyprus directed by Prof. Simon James (University of Leicester) (http://www2.le.ac.uk/departments/archaeology/research/ancient-akrotiri), which involves the excavation of the Roman port at Dreamer’s bay on the southern side of the Akrotiri Peninsula and interpretation of its results in the context of the southern coast […]
Just offshore from a complex of Late Cypriot coastal buildings at Maroni-Tsaroukkas, Cyprus, (situated on the south-central coastline) is a Late Bronze Age (LBA) anchorage. An underwater survey conducted in this area in the 1990s, discovered fifty stone anchors within 300m of the current coastline, in close proximity to Late Cypriot pottery. While an accurate […]
Repair, Maintenance and Commissioning of the Replica Ship Kerynia-Liberty – Glafkos Cariolou and Maria Michael – 2017
In the first, seven-month phase of the project of the repair, maintenance and re-commissioning of the KERYNIA – LIBERTY (K-L), several objectives were highlighted. The results are presented in the following report. 1. Preservation, Repair and Maintenance In June, the ship was sailed from Limassol Marina to a professional, traditional boatyard (“Billy’s Boatyard”) in Limassol, […]
Introduction Cultural Heritage should be documented and preserved in order to be inherited to future generations (Georgopoulos, A. and Agrafiotis, P. 2012). With climate change and sea level rise, archaeological monuments situated at the shoreline or submerged to various depths under the sea surface are gradually shifting with the risk of damage or even disappearance. […]
The underwater port of Amathus (Limassol, Cyprus) A Hellenistic naval harbour – Jean-Yves Empereur – 2016
The military port of ancient Amathus, 10 km east of modern Limassol, Cyprus, was constructed by Antigonos Monopthalmos and his son Demetrius Poliorcetes at the very end of the 4th century BC. A few years later, the island was conquered by Ptolemy I and the building works of the harbour were visibly abandoned, since it […]
Introduction This doctoral thesis examines the role of seafaring and coastal adaptations (modes of subsistence, settlement and economy) in the rise of social complexity in Cyprus from the Late Epipalaeolithic to the beginning of the Early Iron Age, ca. 11,000–1050 Cal BC. The study draws on five seasons of fieldwork on the maritime landscape of […]
Scoping Stage Project Summary Report This outreach project aims to target different and varied audiences, initially in Cyprus, through a novel but tried and tested means, the Maritime Archaeology Trust (MAT) Discovery Bus. The Maritime Outreach Bus has already successfully engaged a range of audiences in the UK and Northern Europe, raising interest and awareness […]
In June 2013 a short season of archaeological investigation took place at the site of Tochni Lakkia on the central south coast of Cyprus. This coastal site was originally discovered by the Vasilikos Valley Project (VVP) in the 1980’s. Their survey suggested that the site consisted of Late Bronze Age and Archaic period remains with […]