This coastal survey project on the southern coast of Lebanon is a joint mission involving Lebanese, Italian and French archaeologists from different institutes and universities. It will be conducted from the 25th of September till the end of October 2017.
It aims to study the coastal area from the mouth of the Litani River until Adloun port in the north, using an interdisciplinary approach mixing geography, geomorphology, history and archaeology, environment, social, and ethnography.
This project is funded by the Honor Frost Foundation, and all scientific work will be conducted under the permit of the Directory General of Antiquities of Lebanon and in tight collaboration with the department of Arts and Archaeology of the Lebanese University, ISMA (Institute for Ancient Mediterranean Studies – Italian National Research Council), El-Kharayeb and Adloun municipalities, and the local community.
The different scientific tasks for the 2017 mission are:
- An archaeological survey of the coast in formerly defined areas of high archaeological potential both along the coast and in targeted underwater locations
- The creation of new data by different survey and prospection methods.
- A geomorphological and geoarchaeological survey of the coastal area and the mouth of the Litani, that aims to identify all the indicators of palaeo-sealevel and palaeo-environmental changes, in order to reconstruct the physical evolution of the area investigated.
The present project is the first part of a larger research program that looks at the rural hinterland of Tyre from the second millennium BC to the Hellenistic (333/2 – 64 BC) and Roman period (64 BC – 391/2 AD) in the territory of the modern municipality of El-Kharayeb and Adloun, located north of Tyre. It is also part of a larger initiative encourage by the HFF, to survey coastal and near shore stretches of the coast of Lebanon in an attempt to record the archaeological signature in advance of potential development.