Byblos & the Sea is a multidisciplinary research project on the coastal and maritime area of Byblos co-directed by Martine Francis (affiliated researcher at the Collège de France) and Nicolas Grimal (Prof. at the Collège de France), in collaboration with the Directorate General of Antiquities of Lebanon. It is a continuation of a long term research program on coastal and maritime Byblos, started by Honor Frost in the 1960s and resumed after the Lebanese civil war, since 1998.
Since 2011, the research program Byblos & the Sea has conducted a series of multi-disciplinary field investigations in collaboration with local and foreign specialists. The main objectives of this research program were to understand the maritime approaches to Byblos and locate eventually the much attested Bronze Age harbor of the city which was responsible for its economic growth during Antiquity.
Byblos & the Sea, Mission 9 Investigating southern City Gates to the Harbor – Martine Francis-Allouche / Professor Nicolas Grimal – 2017
In 2011, a multi-disciplinary investigation program Byblos & the Sea, took up the reigns of Honor Frosts’ research under the direction of Nicolas Grimal and Martine Francis-Allouche. Entirely funded by the Honor Frost Foundation since 2013, Byblos & the Sea has to date conducted seven field investigations on the coastal strip of Byblos and its […]
Byblos & the Sea, Mission 8 Archaeological investigation on the Armenian Orphanage lot – Martine Francis-Allouche / Professor Nicolas Grimal – 2017
Sea trade between Levantine coastal cities is attested over millennia in numerous ancient sources. Information yielded from textual and iconographic sources describes mainly the timber trade between Byblos and Egypt. However, no traces of a Bronze Age harbor facility had yet been discovered in the vicinity of the antique city of Byblos. After seventeen years […]
The scientific research project, “Byblos & the Sea”, co-directed by Martine Francis-Allouche (Affiliated Researcher at Collège de France) & Nicolas Grimal (Professor at Collège de France), conducted its 7th mission in September 2016, in collaboration with the Marine Geology Department of Patras University, under the scientific direction of George Papatheodorou. This last investigation has been […]
In February 2016, Byblos & the Sea conducted a Sediment Sampling Mission at sea in Byblos funded by the Honor Frost Foundation. On the bases of preliminary results of the underwater bathymetry campaign conducted in June 2014 in maritime Byblos, under the scientific direction of George Papatheodorou (Marine Geology Department, Patras University), this complementary survey […]
Upon the preliminary results of both, the auger coring and the bathymetry campaigns held in 2013-2014, the scientific research project “Byblos and the Sea” is submitting herewith a new mission to the Honor Frost Foundation. The auger coring campaign results confirm the existence of a silted-in basin, laying inland under the so-called “Armenian Orphanage” lot […]
Following the geophysical survey conducted in October 2013 (mission 2) on the Armenian Orphanage lot at the foot of the antique city, Byblos & the Sea conducted an auger coring campaign (mission 3) in January 2014, to verify the results of the geophysical survey readings. This auger coring mission was led by sediment specialist, Nicolas […]
Since 2011, the research program Byblos and the Sea has conducted a series of multi-disciplinary field investigations, the main objective of which was to locate the much attested Bronze Age harbor of the city which was responsible for its economic growth during Antiquity. Therefore, the five harbor possibilities which had been considered by Honor Frost […]